Between 1842 and the outbreak of the Civil War, Gaineswood evolved from a two-room cabin surrounded by 1000 acres of cotton into a Greek Revival style mansion. General Nathan Bryan Whitfield, the builder, was his own architect, though he had no formal training. The labor was done mostly by slaves, some of whom were extremely accomplished carpenters and plasterers.
Three styles of Greek architecture are represented in the house: Doric-style outside, Ionic for the interior, and Corinthian in the drawing room. Gaineswood contains much of its original furnishings as well as several inventions of the builder. This home is listed on the National Register of Historic Landmarks. The house and grounds are currently operated by the Alabama Historical Commission as a historic house museum.
777-887 S Cedar Ave
Demopolis, AL 36732
photos courtesy of RuralSWAlabama.org